Perennial with a smooth, hollow stem, finely toothed compound leaves, and umbels of small yellow flowers.
Habitat & Cultivation
Native to central Asia, galbanum produces a gum that is obtained when stems are cut off and successive slices are made through the roots. Gum wells to the surface and is collected after it has hardened.
Galbanum exudate contains a volatile oil, resins, gums, as well as a coumarin (umbelliferone).
History & Folklore
Galbanum has been used medicinally for centuries.
Medicinal Actions & Uses
Galbanum is a digestive stimulant and antispasmodic, reducing flatulence, cramps, and colic. It is also expectorant. Applied as an ointment, the gum may help heal wounds.
See asafoetida (F. assa-foetida).