Phyllanthus plant - Phyllanthus Amarus (Euphorbiaceae)

Medicinal Use of Phyllanthus – Phyllanthus Amarus (Euphorbiaceae)


Slender annual herb, to 2 ft (60 cm) in height, with oval leaves and small yellowish-green flowers.

Habitat & Cultivation

Phyllanthus is native to the Indian subcontinent and found commonly in central and southern India. The plant is harvested when required.

Parts Used

Leaves, aerial parts.


Phyllanthus leaves contain lignans (including phyllanthin and hypophyllanthin), flavonoids, and alkaloids.

Medicinal Actions & Uses

Phyllanthus is a traditional Ayurvedic remedy used to treat liver and cardiovascular problems. It combines well with picrorrhiza (Picrorrhiza kurroa) in treating hepatitis B and other liver disorders.


A growing body of research shows that phyllanthus has antiviral activity, specifically against the hepatitis B virus. Research also indicates that the leaves are diuretic, and lower blood pressure and blood-sugar levels.

Not all the studies have shown that phyllanthus works effectively in treating hepatitis B, but overall the evidence is positive, with some trials showing significant improvement in measures of infection. In laboratory experiments, phyllanthus inhibits RNA replication of the hepatitis B virus.


Use on professional advice only.